We recently wrote about Stomach Acid and thought we would follow up with PPIs which are commonly used to treat it.
Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a category of drug used to minimise the production of acid in the stomach. PPIs in high doses can also be used to reduce the risk of bleeding ulcers, the need for surgery and an effective treatment for acid reflux, indigestion, ulcers and other digestive diseases. So what is a proton pump? In the stomach, proton pumps to remove non-acidic potassium from the stomach and substitute it with acidic hydrogen.
Stomach acid is a vital part of our digestive and overall health, which the body uses to break down of food and the prevent diseases. However, stomach acid can at times irritate the lining of the stomach causing indigestion and even ulcers. PPIs inhibit this process and stop the production of acid in the stomach.
PPIs are very effective. However, their long-term use can have grave side effects such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, constipation and headache. Less frequent side-effects such as dry mouth, peripheral oedema, dizziness, sleep disturbances, fatigue, myalgia and rash. The use of PPIs can also disguise the symptoms of gastric cancer and can shift the pH levels, which can present other issues.
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